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BIRTH ABROAD (CONSULAR REPORT OF BIRTH ABROAD/CRBA)
14 MINUTE READ
April 29, 2022

The U.S. Embassy in Seoul strongly encourages all U.S. citizens who have children born in the Republic of South Korea to apply for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) as soon as possible after the birth of the child.  A CRBA is an official record confirming that the child acquired U.S. citizenship at birth.  It can be issued only at a U.S. Embassy or a Consular Office overseas, and only before the child reaches 18 years of age.  Please note that the U.S. Embassy Seoul can approve or deny CRBA applications only for children born in Korea.  If a child was born in another country, we can only collect the application and supporting documents and forward them to the U.S. Embassy in that country for adjudication.

Only the child’s parent(s) or legal guardian(s) may apply on the child’s behalf. Child’s parent(s) or legal guardian(s) along with the child must be present to sign the application before a U.S. consular officer. Please note that both parents and the child must come in person to the appointment. When filling out the form to make an appointment, please tell us the names of both parents so that the guards will let you enter. Please put parent A’s full name under “child surname” and parent B’s full name under “child’s first name.” Do not include any special characters in the name. Your child will be admitted as long as both parents’ names are on our appointment list.

Please note: Based on the evidence provided, it is up to the reviewing officer to determine if the eligibility for transmission of citizenship requirement has been met.  If more information is required, these additional items, along with any missing documents, will be explained to you with an itemized list indicating the document(s) necessary to complete your child’s application.  You have 90 calendar days from the submission of your application to complete the process.

A return delivery courier slip (available at the Embassy) filled out by you will be used to return your child’s CRBA and passport.  Please note that you will pay for this service in cash directly to the courier upon delivery.

Forms (Complete but DO NOT SIGN) and Documents (Originals or certified copy)

All original documents will be reviewed by a consular officer and returned to the applicant. Please be sure to bring an informal (certified not required) translation of all Korean documents submitted.

  • Form DS-2029 (PDF 345 KB): Application for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad
  • Passport application must be filled out using the Passport Wizard.  Once completed, please print the application form, but DO NOT sign.  If you have not yet applied for your child’s social security number, please enter 000-00-0000 as the social security number in the passport application. U.S. regulations require the consent of both parents/legal guardians for the issuance of a U.S. passport to a minor child. If you are the non-applying parent or guardian providing written consent for your minor child to apply for a U.S. passport because you are unable to appear in person with your child, please submit a notarized Form DS-3053 (Statement of Consent) (PDF-51.4KB). The parent submitting the application materials to the U.S. Embassy must bring the notarized consent form along with a copy of the absent parent’s ID used during the notary. If you are the applying parent or guardian, and the written consent of the non-applying parent or guardian cannot be obtained in a timely manner, you need to submit Form DS-5525 (Statement of Exigent/Special Family Circumstances (PDF-42.9KB).
  • One photo – 2″ x 2” (5cm x 5cm) photograph.  The background must be plain white, taken within the last six months and should not show parents or parents’ hands. No digital manipulation or retouching. Polaroid photos cannot be used.
  • Evidence of your child’s birth: This can be an original U.S. military hospital or Korean hospital birth certificate.  A Korean certificate must be signed by the doctor and sealed with the official hospital stamp on the letter and must be accompanied by an English translation.Please make sure that the child’s name and both parents’ names on the hospital birth certificate are consistent with the names on the submitted applications and IDs.  Our office will not accept the hospital birth certificates that do not include the child’s name at birth or if the parent’s names are spelled incorrectly.
  • Evidence of U.S. citizenship of the parent(s): (One of the following: original or certified copy)
    Passport
    U.S. Birth Certificate (Please Note: Hospitals in the United States sometimes issue a commemorative “certificate of birth” which often has the baby’s footprints.  This hospital-issued certificate is not a proof of citizenship. Certified birth certificates are issued by the State or County government, not a hospital.)
    Consular Report of Birth Abroad
    Certificate of Naturalization
    Certificate of Citizenship
  • Marriage Certificate
  • Parents’ valid IDs/passports
  • Evidence of the American parent’s physical presence in the U.S.
    If only one parent is a U.S. citizen and the other is not
    , the U.S. citizen parent must provide evidence of his or her actual presence in the United States for five years (two of them after the age of 14) before the birth.
    If the parents are not married and the father is a U.S. citizen, more evidence as such as written affidavits, may be requested along with the five years physical presence requirement.
    Note: A child born between November 14, 1986 and June 11, 2017 and out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen mother and an alien father will acquire U.S. citizenship at birth if the U.S. citizen mother had previously been physically present in the United States for a continuous period of one year. The mother of a child born out of wedlock cannot use time spent abroad as a military member or dependent to satisfy all or part of the requirement of continuous physical presence in the United States for 1 year.
  • Divorce decrees/Death Certificates (for all previous marriages): If you have been married before, please bring all past divorce decrees or death certificates (original copies).  For Korean citizens, a Family Census Register is acceptable (an English translation must be included.  The translation does not need to be notarized.)  If you are divorced from the child’s biological parent, please bring a court order establishing custody and guardianship of the child applying for the CRBA.
  • Evidence of couple’s relationship prior to the conception of the child.
  • Parents’ current and previous passports including those issued under other names and other nationalities.
  • Mother’s prenatal and hospital records: If the child was conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) or another similar method, please bring your medical records, including a statement from the doctor or clinic indicating the names of the egg and sperm donors.
  • Fee$235 ($100 CRBA and $135 Passport)  All fees are payable in U.S. dollars or Korean won at the Embassy’s exchange rate.  A combination of U.S. dollars and Korean won will not be accepted.  The Embassy also accepts payment by US or International credit card.

Please note: Based on the evidence provided, it is up to the reviewing officer to determine if the eligibility for transmission of citizenship requirement has been met.  If more information is required, these additional items, along with any missing documents, will be explained to you with an itemized list indicating the document(s) necessary to complete your child’s application.  You have 90 calendar days from the submission of your application to complete the process.

DNA Examinations

In some instances it is not possible to conclusively determine the U.S. citizenship of a child at birth based on the documents submitted. In these cases, the Consular Officer may request a DNA exam to establish parentage.  This will involve the supervised taking of saliva samples from the parties involved by an accredited laboratory.  Please do not conduct independent DNA exams, as only results from Embassy requested tests can be used to determine a genetic relationship for citizenship purposes.