자주 묻는 질문들 – 이중 국적

미국국적은 본인이 만 18세 이후직접 대사관에서 미국 국적포기를 하지 않는 이상 상실되지 않으므로 미국국적 유지를 위해 별로도 취해야 되는 절차는 없습니다.
그러나 특정 상황에서는 미국시민권이 상실 될 수도 있으니 여기에 관한 안내는 미국무부 홈페이지를 참고해 주시기 바랍니다.

미국시민권자는 미국 입국시 반드시 미국여권을 사용해야합니다.  최대한 빨리 미국여권 연장신청을 하시기 바랍니다.  만약 급하게 미국에 입국을 해야 되는 경우 유효기간이 제한된 긴급여권을 발급해 드릴수도 있습니다. 우선 홈페이지에서 예약을 하시고 구비서류를 모두 가져오신 후 영사님께 긴급여권 (보통 3개월 유효함)을 요청하시기 바랍니다.  긴급 여행임을 증명하기 위해 비행기 티켓을 가져오셔야 합니다.  보통 긴급여권은 당일 발급이 가능합니다.

모든 미국시민권자들은 미국입국시 미국여권을 사용해야 합니다.  비행기표에 관한 문의는 해당 항공사로 문의하십시오,  참고로 미국 입국여부는 미국토안보부 소속 Customs and Border Protection에서 담당하므로 미국 입국여부는 귀하가 입국할 미국공항 이민국에 직접 문의하시기 바랍니다.

 

All malecitizens of the Republic of Korea (ROK), including dual nationals, have military service responsibilities in accordance with the Korean Constitution and the Military Service Law.

Korea’s Military Manpower Administration is responsible for implementation and enforcement of regulations related to military service responsibilities.  The following details related to military service have been provided by Korean officials:

  • Males with multiple citizenships must choose their nationality by March 31 of the year they turn 18.  Those who fail to do so are subject to military service obligations.
  • Male ROK nationals who were born in the ROK but later acquire a foreign citizenship automatically lose their ROK citizenship and are no longer subject to Korean military service, whether or not they notify their loss of nationality to the relevant Korean authorities.  However, if these individuals did not abide by military service procedures prior to naturalizing, such as obtaining the necessary overseas travel permits, they may be subject to fines, penalties, and/or incarceration upon return to the ROK.
  • All male ROK nationals between the ages 25-37, including dual nationals, must obtain overseas travel permits from the MMA if they have not completed their military service and wish to travel overseas.  These permits allow applicants to postpone their military service duty up until the age of 37.  Those who lived overseas before age 25, must apply for these permits by January 15 of the year they turn 25.  Applications may be made through a Korean embassy or consulate.
  • There are different categories under which dual nationals qualify for an overseas travel permit, with classification determined by factors including parents’ citizenship or residency status, time spent abroad, and time spent in Korea.
  • In cases where an applicant obtained a travel permit based on their parents’ overseas residency status and the parents have now returned to the ROK, the permit can be cancelled and the applicant subject to military service.
  • An overseas travel permit can be cancelled and an applicant subject to military service if an applicant lives in the ROK for at least six months in a period of one year, or has engaged in for-profit activities in the ROK for a total of 60 days or more during a one year period.

For more complete information, please refer to the Military Manpower Administration website www.mma.go.kr (English available).  The MMA Overseas Travel Procedure Guidebook may also provide useful information for male dual nationals.