Western Expansion & Reform (1829 ~ 1859)

Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze (May 24, 1816 – July 18, 1868) was a German American history painter best-known for his painting Washington Crossing the Delaware. In 1860 Leutze was commissioned by the U.S. Congress to decorate a stairway in the Capitol Building in Washington, DC, for which he painted a large composition, Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, which is also commonly known as Westward Ho!.
Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze (May 24, 1816 – July 18, 1868) was a German American history painter best-known for his painting Washington Crossing the Delaware.

Presidents Andrew Jackson, James Polk, and John Tyler, like many Americans of this time, embraced the notion of enlarging the “empire for liberty.” In other words they wanted to expand the borders of America westward. While some pioneers headed west to California, others attempted to expand the idea of what “liberty” in America meant. Abolitionists opposed laws that kept African Americans enslaved, and advocates of women’s suffrage argued that wives, mothers and daughters should play a more significant role in society by voting, holding office, and working outside the home.