A Great Plains state, South Dakota was named for the Dakota division of the Sioux Indians, and is known as the Coyote State. Admitted simultaneously with North Dakota after the Dakota Territory was divided along the 46th parallel, South Dakota is mainly a rural state. Today, just less than 10 percent of its population is American Indian. South Dakota is known for two monumental sculptures carved into the Black Hills–Mount Rushmore, which honors presidents Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt, and the Crazy Horse Monument, still under construction, which honors the Oglala Sioux war chief. The state flower is the pasqueflower, also called the May Day flower; its blooming is one of the first signs of spring in South Dakota.
Capital City: Pierre (Pronounced Peer)
Nickname: Mt. Rushmore State / Coyote State
Motto: Under God the People Rule.
Statehood: November 2, 1889 (39th or 40th — Admitted the same day as ND.)
Origin of State’s Name: Dakota is a Sioux Indian word for “friend.”
Largest Cities: Sioux Falls, Rapid City, Aberdeen, Watertown, Brookings
Border States: Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Wyoming
Land Area: 75,898 sq. mi., 16th largest
State Bird: Ring-necked Pheasant
State Flower: Pasqueflower (pulsatilla hirsutissima)
State Tree: Black Hills Spruce (picea glauca)
State Song: Hail, South Dakota