North Dakota

North Dakota (Brand USA Photo)
North Dakota (Brand USA Photo)

Both rural and agricultural, with grain farms and cattle ranches, North Dakota gets its name from the Dakota division of the Sioux Indians who lived on the plains before the Europeans arrived. “Dakota” means “friend.” French-Canadian soldier and fur trader Pierre Gaultier de Varennes was the first known white explorer to visit the home of the Dakota in 1738. North Dakota was one of the last areas of the frontier to be settled by non-Native Americans, and even today, it’s not a highly populated state. North Dakota, whose capital is Bismarck, joined the Union in 1889 as the 39th state. Appropriately, the state flower is the wild prairie rose.

Capital City: Bismarck
Nickname: Peace Garden State / Flickertail State/ Sioux State
Motto: Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
Statehood: November 2,1889 (39th or 40th — Admitted the same day as South Dakota)
Origin of State’s Name: Dakota is the Sioux Indian word for “friend.”
Largest Cities: Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Dickinson
Border States: Minnesota, Montana, South Dakota
Land Area: 68,994 sq. mi., 17th largest
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Wild Prairie Rose (rosa arkansana)
State Tree: American Elm (ulmus americana)
State Song: North Dakota Hymn