In 1540, the Spanish conquistador Coronado trekked through the area known today as New Mexico in search of the fabled seven cities of gold. New Mexico, called the “Land of Enchantment,” was the 47th state, entering the Union in 1912. Part of the “Old West,” New Mexico was a place known for cowboys and cattle drives. The influence of the Apache Indians who live there is evident in the artwork and culture. The Pueblo Indian presence is also very apparent, most visibly in the tribe’s buildings. The state also has a large Hispanic population, as New Mexico was under Spanish control from the 16th century until about 1846. The capital city of Santa Fe, founded in 1610, has the oldest continually used seat of government in North America. The state flower is the yucca.
Capital City: Santa Fe
Nickname: Land of Enchantment
Motto: Crescit Eundo (It Grows As It Goes)
Statehood: January 6, 1912 (47th)
Origin of State’s Name: Named by the Spanish for lands north of the Rio Grande River.
Largest Cities: Albuquerque, Las Cruces, Santa Fe, Rio Rancho, Roswell
Border States: Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah
Land Area: 121,359 sq. mi., 5th largest
State Bird: Roadrunner
State Flower: Yucca Flower (yucca glauca)
State Tree: Pinus edulis
State Song: O, Fair New Mexico, Asi es Nuevo Mejico