The “Land of 10,000 Lakes,” Minnesota got its nickname because there are more than 12,000 lakes throughout the state. Its name comes from the Dakota (Sioux) word for the Minnesota River’s “sky-tinted waters.” The Minnesota Territory was formed in 1849 from what had been part of the Northwest Territory, and Minnesota joined the Union in 1858. The state flower is the pink and white lady’s slipper, and the capital is St. Paul.

Capital City: St. Paul
Nickname: North Star State / Gopher State / Bread and Butter State
Motto: L’Etoile du Nord (The star of the north.)
Statehood: May 11, 1858 (32th)
Origin of State’s Name: Based on the Dakota Sioux Indian word for “sky-tinted water,” referring to the Minnesota River or the state’s many lakes.
Largest Cities: Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Bloomington, Duluth, Rochester
Border States: Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
Land Area: 79,617 sq. mi., 14th largest
State Bird: Common Loon
State Flower: Pink and white lady’s-slipper (cypripedium reginae)
State Tree: Red Pine (pinus resinosa)
State Song: Hail! Minnesota