The largest of the New England states in area, Maine, in 1820, was the 23rd state to join the Union. Its name comes from an ancient French province of the same name. The most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River, it’s appropriately called the “Pine Tree State,” as 90 percent of its land is forest. Not surprisingly, most of Maine’s economy is related to timber and the production of paper and paper products although the millions of tourists who flock each summer to “Vacationland” are a significant source of revenue. The capital is Augusta; the state flower is the white pine cone and tassel.
Capital City: Augusta
Nickname: Pine Tree State
Motto: Dirigo (I direct)
Statehood: March 15, 1820 (23th)
Origin of State’s Name: Probably a reference to the state region being a mainland, different from its many surrounding islands.
Largest Cities: Portland, Lewiston, Bangor, Auburn, South Portland
Border States: New Hampshire
Land Area: 30,865 sq. mi.; 39th largest
State Bird: Chickadee
State Flower: White pine cone and tassel (pinus strobus, linnaeus)
State Tree: Eastern White Pine
State Song: State Song of Maine