Known as the “Sunflower State,” Kansas became the 34th state in 1861. The state’s name comes from the Kansa or Kaw Indians and is a Sioux Indian term meaning “south wind people.” Within Kansas’s borders is the magnetic center mark for all of North America. All land surveys in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico use this as a reference point. The geographic center of the 48 contiguous (connected) states is located in a Kansas pasture. The native sunflower is the state flower and the capital is Topeka.

Capital City: Topeka
Nickname: Sunflower State
Motto: Ad Astra per Aspera (To the stars through difficulties)
Statehood: January 29, 1861 (34th)
Origin of State’s Name: From the Sioux Indian for “south wind people.”
Largest Cities: Wichita
Border States: Colorado, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma
Land Area: 81,823 sq. mi., 13th largest
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Sunflower
State Tree: Cottonwood (populus)
State Song: Home on the Range