Idaho, the 43rd state, joined the U.S. in 1890. The state is appropriately shaped like a logger’s boot, and logging as well as mining are big industries in the state. But the state is probably best known for its potatoes. The state’s name is thought to be an Indian name, Ee-dah-hoe, which means “gem of the mountains.” Idaho has a rugged landscape with some of the largest unspoiled natural areas in the country. Boise is the capital and the state flower is the syringa.

Capital City: Boise
Nickname: Gem State
Motto: Esto perpetua (Let it be perpetual)
Statehood: July 3, 1890 (43th)
Origin of State’s Name: A derivation of an Indian phrase “E Dah Hoe (How)” supposedly meaning “gem of the mountains”
Largest Cities: Boise
Border States: Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
Land Area: 82,751 sq. mi., 11th largest
State Bird: Mountain Bluebird
State Flower: Syringa – Mock Orange (philadelphus lewisii)
State Tree: White Pine (Pinus Monticola pinaceae)
State Song: Here We Have Idaho