Called the “Centennial State,” because it became the 38th state when the U.S. turned 100 in 1876, Colorado is most closely associated with the Rocky Mountains and has numerous peaks over 14,000 feet. The state’s name comes from a Spanish word meaning “red” or “ruddy,” the color of much of the state’s terrain. Today, Colorado is known for its vast cattle ranges, agricultural acreage, and snow-covered mountains that are ideal for winter sports. Its capital is Denver and state flower is the Rocky Mountain columbine.
Capital City: Denver
Nickname: Centennial State
Motto: Nil Sine Numine (Nothing without Providence)
Statehood: August 1, 1876 (38th)
Origin of State’s Name: From the Spanish for the color red, which was applied to the Colorado River.
Largest Cities: Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora, Lakewood, Fort Collins
Border States: Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming
Land Area: 103,730 sq. mi.; 8th largest
State Bird: Lark Bunting
State Flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine (aquilegia caerules)
State Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce (picea pungens)
State Song: Where the Columbines Grow