The “Grand Canyon State,” Arizona, was the 48th state to join the U.S. in 1912– the last of 48 contiguous (connected) states to join the Union. The state’s name comes from arizonac, from two Papago Indian words meaning “place of the young spring.” Arizona has a very dry climate and is known for its cactus plants. In fact, the state flower is the saguaro cactus blossom.

Capital City: Phoenix
Nickname: Grand Canyon State
Motto: Ditat Deus (God enriches)
Statehood: February 14, 1912 (48th)
Origin of State’s Name: Spanish interpretation of “arizuma,” an Aztec Indian word meaning “silver-bearing.” Also based on Pima Indian word “arizonac” for “little spring place.”
Largest Cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale, Scottsdale
Border States: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah
Land Area: 113,642 sq. mi., 6th largest
State Bird: Cactus Wren
State Flower: Saguaro cactus blossom (carnegiea gigantea)
State Tree: Palo verde (cercidium)
State Song: Arizona