Known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819. The name Alabama is derived from an Indian word meaning “thicket clearers.” Alabama has been at the center of many American battles–between white settlers and Native Americans, and between the North and South in the Civil War. The state also is home to the first of three Space Camps in the United States. These camps let kids experience what it would be like to be in outer space. The capital is Montgomery, and state flower is the camellia.

Capital City: Montgomery
Nickname: Heart of Dixie / Cotton State
Motto: Audemus Jura Nostra Defendere (We Dare Defend Our Rights)
Statehood: December 14, 1819 (22nd)
Origin of State’s Name: Means “tribal town” in Creek Indian language.
Largest Cities: Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery, Huntsville, Tuscaloosa
Border States: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
Land Area: 50,750 sq. mi., 28th largest
State Bird: Yellowhammer
State Flower: Camellia
State Tree: Southern Pine (pinus palustris)
State Song: Alabama