Global Challenges

Global Water Issues (English – PDF 22.4MB)

This book demonstrates the United States’ commitment to the challenging issue of water security and the unrelenting pursuit of effective solutions. As wate…

The NGO Handbook (English – PDF 14.8MB)

Have you ever seen a problem and wanted to do something about it? Of course you have. The schools, police, government welfare offices, churches and family…

Women in the World Today (English – PDF 8.6MB)

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton has written the introduction to this publication, which examines women’s issues around the world.

Media Law Handbook (English – PDF 2.7MB)

What are the privileges and responsibilities of a free press? In Media Law Handbook, Professor Jane Kirtley, Silha Professor of Media Ethics and Law at the University of Minnesota, explores how free societies answer this question.

21st – Century Agriculture (English – PDF 6.7MB) (Korean – PDF 4.0MB)

Humanity’s longest struggle has been to feed itself. This eJournal USA explores how 21st-century technical prowess and agricultural skill hold the key to feeding the growing populations of the future.

Clean Energy Solutions (English – PDF 3.3MB)

Clean energy systems are incredibly diverse, yet technology has brought them within our grasp. Cellulosic ethanol, hydrogen fuel cells, next-generation nuclear power, photovoltaic solar cells, and near-zero-emissions coal plants will transform the way the economies of the world are powered to cleaner, alternative sources of energy.

Climate Change Perspectives (English – PDF 3.1MB)

This eJournal USA offers perspectives of experts and activists in several key countries on effective policies to curb greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate global warming and adapt to irreversible changes, and features an introduction by U.S. special envoy Todd Stern.

Democracy in Brief (English – PDF 1.1MB) (Korean – PDF 4.1MB)

Democracy is more than just a set of specific government institutions; it rests upon a well – understood group of values, attitudes, and practices – all of which may take different forms and expressions among cultures and societies around the world. Democracies rest upon fundamental principles, not uniform practices.

Energy Efficiency : The First Fuel (English -PDF 3.2MB)

Increasing the efficient use of existing energy supplies is widely acknowledged as the fastest, cheapest, and cleanest way to meet future energy needs. Energy Efficiency: The First Fuel examines the strong U.S. record of tapping efficiency as a resource, and the accelerated efforts by individuals, organizations, and governments to squeeze greater productivity from all energy sources.

Focus on : Intellectual Property Rights (English – PDF 2.8MB) (Korean Full Text)

Essays by government, academic, and industry experts introduce intellectual property rights issues and key concepts — patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and new forms of IP. Articles also explain why countries need effective intellectual property systems, and what governments in each region are doing to enforce IPR. Includes a glossary of IP terms, a list of print and Internet IP resources, …

Governance and Growth (English – PDF 1.9MB)

“Governance and Growth,” explores the reality behind President Obama’s statement to Ghana’s parliament earlier this year: “Development depends on good governance.”

Handbook of Independent Journalism (English – PDF 834KB)

This handbook covers the ins and outs of what every professional journalist should know from how to research, write, and edit a story to how to write headlines, choose graphics, and select quotes and sound bites. Print, radio, TV, and Web-based or online journalism forms are discussed in detail, as well as the skills required in beat reporting.

Health Systems for HIV / AIDS and Other Diseases (English – PDF 836KB)

On World AIDS Day, December 1, 2001, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS reported “AIDS has become the most devastating disease humankind has ever faced” with 40 million people now infected. As recognition of the magnitude of the problem has grown in recent years, consensus has emerged that building effective partnerships is absolutely fundamental if societies are to save lives and …

Human Rights Education (English – PDF 991KB)

People all over the world want to build futures for their families in free and open societies. This aspiration includes the desire to have basic human rights, participate in fair elections, practice one’s religion, speak freely on public issues, and be certain that an impartial court system will decide violations of the law. In this journal we focus on several key components of genuine democracies and …

International Development Goals Moving Forward (English – PDF 1.2MB)

Leaders of the world’s eight major economies (G8), at their annual meeting in July 2005, called on all nations to recommit themselves to supporting economic progress and good governance in the developing world, particularly in Africa—the only continent not on track to meet by 2015 any of the goals.

Lifesaving Vaccines (English – PDF 3.0MB)

Vaccines can prevent disease, prolong life, and eradicate scourges dating to prehistory. Knowledge of vaccine effectiveness is decades old, but children in developing nations are still dying from vaccine preventable diseases. The United States and international partners have been working together for more than 30 years to expand the benefits of vaccines to children everywhere.

Markets and Democracy (English – PDF 6.4MB)

The 12 international experts we’ve assembled in this issue take up different aspects of the conundrum and offer their answers to these questions. Our goal, however, is not to resolve a centuries-old intellectual debate but to deepen our readers’ understanding about the nuances of what is undeniably a matter of importance for everybody in the world today.

Microenterprise : Laying The Foundation for Economic Development (English – PDF 303KB)

Successful small businesses are the primary engines of economic development, income growth, and poverty reduction in much of the developing world. These businesses can also build foundations for stable communities, civil society, and gender equality. However, poor infrastructure, weak public services, inadequate mechanisms for dispute resolution, and lack of access to markets and formal financing remain …

More Than Elections : How Democracies Transfer Power (English – PDF 3.7MB)

Democracy requires more than holding elections. Healthy democracies are defined by the expectations of citizens and the common rules, understandings, and trust they build. This eJournal USA explores the contours of civil society and political legitimacy within which peaceful transitions of power can occur.

NonViolent Paths to Social Change (English – PDF 1.2MB)

The past 30 years have seen a surge of nonviolent, “people power” movements around the world advancing human rights and toppling repressive rulers. This edition of eJournal USA demonstrates that nonviolent actions can be more powerful than armed insurrections in bringing about social change.

Overfishing : A Global Challenge (English – PDF 296KB)

As representatives from more than 100 U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) member countries meet in Rome February 24-28, 2003, they face a crisis in the ocean’s fisheries that gets surprisingly little attention from the world’s press. By FAO estimates, more than 70 percent of those fisheries are depleted.

Promoting Growth Through Corporate Governance (English – PDF 1.2MB)

A series of high profile corporate financial scandals in the United States and elsewhere has focused attention on the consequences of poor corporate governance. At the same time, increased demand for investment capital has made companies and countries worldwide look to good governance as a means of attracting and keeping investors.

Protecting the Environment : 30 Years of U.S. Progress (English – PDF 1.5MB)

The United States has made remarkable progress over the past 30 years in reducing pollution and protecting the environment within its borders. Statistics help tell the story. During this time, the U.S. economy grew by 187 percent, population grew by 39 percent, and energy consumption increased by 47 percent, yet air pollution decreased by 48 percent. In 2002, 94 percent of Americans were served by community …

Rachel Carson : Pen Against Poison (English – PDF 1.9MB)

Rachel Carson was a quiet woman who stirred extraordinary controversy that persists decades after her death. Her 1962 book Silent Spring brought worldwide attention to the harm to human health and the environment wrought by mishandling of a powerful pesticide, fomenting the environmental movement. In the 100th anniversary year of Carson’s birth, this publication examines how occasionally in history a book …

Responses to Human Trafficking (English – PDF 453KB)

In our 21st century world, where freedom and democracy are spreading to every continent, it is appalling and morally unacceptable that hundreds of thousands of men, women, and children are exploited, abused, and enslaved by peddlers in human misery.

Seeking Free and Responsible Media (English – PDF 363KB)

It has long been the policy of the U.S. government to support the development of open and responsible media abroad and to assist in building the infrastructure needed for a free press to operate — legislative infrastructure, financial independence, transparency in government, and journalists trained in objective and fair reporting. Achieving a free and responsible media is a constant, challenging, vital, …

Shared Oceans Shared Future (English – PDF 367KB)

Humankind has explored, mapped, developed, or settled all but the most hostile corners of Earth’s landmass. But our understanding of the oceans —more than 70 percent of Earth’s surface— remains highly limited. We know more about the contours of Mars than those of the oceans’ floors.

Sixty Years : Celebrating the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (English – PDF 1.2MB)

This issue of eJournal USA celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It explores the document’s origins, sites it within humanity’s common intellectual heritage, and explains how it has bettered the lives of individuals in every corner of the globe.

The Global War on Terrorist Finance (English – PDF 340KB)

A key element of terrorist networks that was largely undisturbed prior to 9/11 is the global financial infrastructure that facilitates the rise of groups such as al-Qaida and funds attacks against the United States and our global partners.

The Greening of U.S. Corporations (English – PDF 7.2MB)

This issue of eJournal USA delves into what those familiar with the history of the environmental movement in the United States might see as a surprising trend — the way U.S. corporations in recent years have embraced environmentally friendly ways of doing business. What prompts a corporation to “go green”?

The Promise of Biotechnology (English – PDF 2.1MB)

New technologies, whether they are in medicine, industry, or agriculture, often initially generate public skepticism. Nowhere is this currently more evident than in biotechnology, where issues of health and environment are hotly debated.

USA Economy in Brief (English – PDF 3.9MB) (Korean – PDF 1.1MB)

This mini-publication discusses the factors that make the U.S. economy the world’s most productive, competitive, and influential. It focuses on workers and productivity, small and large business, the service economy, goods and services, the role of government, and the concept of “creative destruction,” the process where jobs, companies, entire industries come and go because of their success or failure in …