Article Alert Online: June 2019

Article Alert

The Article Alert is produced monthly by the American Center Korea, Public Diplomacy Section, U.S. Embassy Seoul. It offers abstracts of current articles, mostly from U.S. publications and by U.S. authors, highlighting significant issues in three major areas of international or U.S. domestic affairs. Views expressed in the articles are those of authors and do not necessarily reflect U.S. government policies.

Article Alert Online: June 2019

The views expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect U.S. government policies.

U.S.-ROK ALLIANCE, DPRK AND REGIONAL SECURITY

IN01 INDO-PACIFIC STRATEGY REPORT (The U.S. Department of Defense, June 1, 2019, 64 pages) 미국방부 인도-태평양 전략 보고서
The first Indo-Pacific Strategy Report released by the Department, the document is a comprehensive articulation of DoD’s role within a whole-of-government strategy for the Indo-Pacific region.  As an implementation document, the report provides clarity on the U.S. National Defense Strategy as it applies to the region and highlights the role of allies and partners in implementing our shared vision for a free and open Indo-Pacific.

IN02 – SOUTH KOREA: BACKGROUND AND U.S. RELATIONS (Congressional Research Service, May 20, 2019, 3 pages) 한국: 배경과 미국과의 관계에 대한 미의회조사국 보고서 (Contact ACK for Print Copy)
South Korea is one of the United States’ most important strategic and economic partners in Asia. The U.S.-ROK Mutual Defense Treaty, signed in 1953 at the end of the Korean War, commits the United States to help South Korea defend itself, particularly from North Korea.

IN03 Warden, John K. THE TRILATERALISM DILEMMA (Council on Foreign Relations, June 12, 2019) 3자 상호 협력의 딜레마
Promoting greater trilateral cooperation between the U.S.-South Korea and U.S.-Japan alliances would bring Northeast Asia closer to the North Atlantic model of collective defense, but doing so comes with significant risk.

IN04 – Enos, Olivia. THE THREAT POSED BY CHINA’S SURVEILLANCE TECHNOLOGY TO NORTH KOREAN REFUGEES (Heritage Foundation, May 24, 2019, various pages) 중국 감시기술에 의한 북한 탈북민의 위협
The U.S. is already concerned about the far-reaching consequences of China’s increasingly vast surveillance efforts. Beyond the threat posed to individual Chinese citizen’s privacy, it’s worth giving serious thought to the secondary effects of these policies, including the effect they may have on North Korean refugees.

ECONOMICS AND BALANCED TRADE

EC01 Chatzky, Andrew. WILL THERE BE WINNERS IN THE U.S.-CHINA TRADE WAR? (Council on Foreign Relations, June 5, 2019, various pages) 미-중 무역 전쟁에서 승자가 있을까?  
With tariffs slowing U.S. trade with China, several countries are hoping their exports will become more affordable and that their economies will reap the rewards.

EC02 Vogelstein, Rachel; Bro, Alexandra.  MIND THE GAP: THE ECONOMIC CASE FOR EQUAL PAY (Foreign Affairs, May 8, 2019, 2019, various pages) 임금격차에 주의하라: 동일 임금을 위한 경제적 사례 (Contact ACK for Print Copy)
Each year in early April, women in the United States mark Equal Pay Day, the date on which their earnings finally reach the amount American men took home the previous year. Women who hold year-round, full-time jobs earn, on average, 20 percent less than their male counterparts, the equivalent of 80.5 cents on the dollar.

EC03 Wilson, Jeffrey.CALIBRATING A U.S. INFRASTRUCTURE STRATEGY FOR THE INDO-PACIFIC(Center for Strategic and International Studies, March 5, 2019, various pages) 인도-태평양을 위한 미국의 기반시설 전략 수립
Cross-border infrastructure is the next frontier for the economic integration of the Indo-Pacific. As liberalization has driven down regulatory barriers to trade and investment, today it is physical linkages-the road, rail, shipping, energy, and telecommunications connection between economies–which are the principal challenge for regional integration.

U.S. SOCIETY

US01 – Eberstadt, Nicholas. WITH GREAT DEMOGRAPHICS COMES GREAT POWER: WHY POPULATION WILL DRIVE GEOPOLITICS (Foreign Affairs, July/August 2019, various pages) 많은 인구에서 큰 권력이 나온다: 인구가 지정학을 주도하는 이유 (Contact ACK for Print Copy)
Demographics may not be destiny, but for students of geopolitics, they come close. Although conventional measures of economic and military power often receive more attention, few factors influence the long-term competition between great powers as much as changes in the size, capabilities, and characteristics of national populations.

US02
– Perrin, Andrew; Anderson, Monica. SHARE OF U.S. ADULTS USING SOCIAL MEDIA, INCLUDING FACEBOOK, IS MOSTLY UNCHANGED SINCE 2018 (Pew Research Center, April 10, 2019, various pages) 페이스북을 포함하여 소셜 미디어를 사용하는 미국 성인의 점유율은 2018 년 이후로거의 변경되지 않았다
The share of U.S. adults who say they use certain online platforms or apps is statistically unchanged from where it stood in early 2018 despite a long stretch of controversies over privacy, fake news and censorship on social media, according to a new Pew Research Center survey conducted Jan. 8 to Feb. 7, 2019.

US03 – Revenga, Ana; Dooley, Meagan. THE WOMEN’S GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT AND PROSPERITY INITIATIVE: WILL IT WORK? (The Brookings Institution, March 7, 2019, various pages) 여성의 글로벌 성장과 번영 계획: 성공할 것인가?
This February, President Trump announced his new Women’s Global Development and Prosperity Initiative (W-GDP), a “whole-of-government” approach that aims to promote women’s economic empowerment (WEE) across the globe. Framed as a component of his National Security Strategy, W-GDP builds around three core pillars of intervention.