Article Alert Online: December 2018

The Article Alert is produced monthly by the American Center Korea, Public Diplomacy Section, U.S. Embassy Seoul. It offers abstracts of current articles, mostly from U.S. publications and by U.S. authors, highlighting significant issues in three major areas of international or U.S. domestic affairs. Views expressed in the articles are those of authors and do not necessarily reflect U.S. government policies.

Article Alert Online: December 2018

The views expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect U.S. government policies.

U.S.-ROK ALLIANCE, DPRK AND REGIONAL SECURITY


IN50 Snyder, Scott A. INTER-KOREAN MILITARY TENSION REDUCTION, NORTH KOREAN DENUCLEARIZATION, AND THE U.S.-ROK SECURITY ALLIANCE (Council on Foreign Relations, November 15, 2018, various pages) 남북한간 군사 긴장 완화, 북한 비핵화, 그리고 한미 안보 동맹
The 50th U.S.-ROK Security Consultative Meeting (SCM), held on October 31, 2018 between U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis and ROK Minister of Defense Jeong Kyeong-doo, provided the first opportunity for top-level military consultations between the two countries following the signing of the Inter-Korean “Agreement on the Implementation of the Historic Panmunjom Declaration in the Military Domain.”

IN51 Lippert, Mark. HERE’S THE REAL VALUE IN THE U.S.-SOUTH KOREAN ALLIANCE (Center for Strategic and International Studies, October 31, 2018, various pages) 한-미 동맹의 진정한 가치
Over the last two years, there has been much attention, rightly so, devoted to the remarkable developments around North Korea. This includes the events surrounding the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, the two inter-Korean summits, and the unprecedented Singapore summit between President Trump and Kim Jong-un.

IN52 Brewer Eric M., Pak, Jung H. HOW TO TELL WHEN NORTH KOREA STARTS TO DENUCLEARIZE (The Brookings Institution, October 11, various pages) 북한이 비핵화를 시작하는 것을 어떻게 알 수 있는가
Although it’s quite unlikely that Kim is willing to fully denuclearize, his reluctance so far to make meaningful concessions does not necessarily indicate that he hasn’t made the shift that Trump and Moon claim. Even if he is willing to denuclearize, it would be logical for him to approach the United States—a longtime adversary—and South Korea with caution. He would want to do as little as possible at the outset in order to retain his negotiating leverage.

IN53 Pompeo, Michael. CONFRONTING IRAN: THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S STRATEGY (Foreign Affairs, October 15, 2018, various pages) 트럼프 행정부의 대 이란 정책
The end of the Cold War forced new thinking among policymakers and analysts about the greatest challenges to U.S. national security. The emergence of al Qaeda, cybercriminals, and other dangerous entities affirmed the threat of nonstate actors. But equally daunting has been the resurgence of outlaw regimes—rogue states that defy international norms, fail to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, and act against the security of the American people, U.S. allies and partners, and the rest of the world.

 

ECONOMICS AND BALANCED TRADE


EC57
– Connell, Christopher.INNOVATION PROPELS U.S. ECONOMY TO NUMBER 1 RANKING (ShareAmerica, November 8, 2018, various pages) 혁신을 통한 글로벌 넘버원 자리매김, 미국경제
The United States once again boasts the world’s most competitive economy, thanks to its vibrant entrepreneurial culture and capacity to innovate in ways that spur growth and opportunities.

EC58 – Birx, Deborah L.DREAMING OF AN AIDS-FREE FUTURE (Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator and Health Diplomacy, November 2018, 12pages) 에이즈 (AIDS) 없는 미래에 대한 희망
The United States has shown tremendous leadership in the global fight against HIV/AIDS. Over the past 15 years, through the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the American people’s generosity has not only saved more than 17 million lives but also changed the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

EC59 – Jane Maxwell, Mary.BOOSTING HARVESTS WORLDWIDE BY SHARING U.S. INNOVATIONS (ShareAmerica, November 21, 2018, various pages) 미국농업혁신기술 공유를 통한 글로벌 수확 증대
U.S. Department of Agriculture invited about 600 people this year to participate in the Cochran Fellowship Program to learn the latest on U.S. agricultural technology and farm management. The program has trained more than 18,000 agricultural professionals in over 126 countries since its establishment in 1984.

EC60 – Parikh, Rahul.AI CAN’T REPLACE DOCTORS. BUT IT CAN MAKE THEM BETTER. (MIT Technology Review, October 23, 2018, various pages) 의사를 도와주는 의료인공지능
AI in the exam room opens up the chance to recapture the art of medicine. It could let doctors get to know patients better, learn how a disease uniquely affects them, and give time to coach them toward a better outcome.

EC61 – Wheeler, Tarah. IN CYBERWAR, THERE ARE NO RULES (Foreign Policy, September 12, 2018, various pages) 국제적인 룰이 없는 사이버전쟁
These days, warfare is conducted on land, by sea, in the air, across space, and now in the fifth battleground: cyberspace. Yet so far, the U.S. government has fumbled on cybersecurity, outsourcing much of that area of conflict to the private sector in accordance with the Trump administration’s most recent National Security Strategy—leaving the country exposed to foreign attack.

 

U.S. SOCIETY


US48
–  Fry, Richard; Parker; Kim. EARLY BENCHMARKS SHOW ‘POST-MILLENNIALS’ ON TRACK TO BE MOST DIVERSE, BEST-EDUCATED GENERATION YET (Pew Research Center, November 15, 2018, 17 pages) 미국의 포스트 밀레니얼 세대는 이전 세대보다 인종적으로 다양하며 고학력자 비율 증가
As a new generation of Americans begins to take shape and move toward adulthood, there is mounting interest in their attitudes, behaviors and lifestyle. But how will this generation change the demographic fabric of the United States? A new Pew Research Center analysis of Census Bureau data finds that the “post-Millennial” generation is already the most racially and ethnically diverse generation, as a bare majority of 6- to 21-year-olds (52%) are non-Hispanic whites.

US49 – Trainer, Mark. FIRSTS FROM THE 2018 ELETIONS (Share America, November 14, 2018, 4 pages) 2018년 미국 중간선거에서 첫 여성의원 당선
The 2018 midterm elections saw history-making firsts across the country: a record-setting number of women elected to Congress, including its first female Native Americans and Muslims. Voters in South Dakota and Maine elected their first female governors.

US50 – London, Emily. PEOPLE OF FAITH SUPPORT LGBTQ EQUALITY IN A PHILADELPHIA CHILD WELFARE CASE (Center for American Progress, November 1, 2018, 4 pages) 필라델피아 주 성소수자 아동의 복지 지원
Across the United States, children are being denied loving, safe homes because some faith-based child welfare agencies are turning away eligible LGBTQ adoptive and foster parents. Over the past two years, seven states have passed laws that allow taxpayer-funded child welfare programs to refuse to work with LGBTQ prospective parents if they assert a religious reason for the refusal.

US51 – Adkins, Lenore T.U.S. UNIVERSITIES A PROVING GROUND FOR FUTURE DIPLOMATS (Share America, November 14, 2018, 3 pages) 미국에서 공부한 미래 외교관의 경험담 공유
Young scholars from around the world turn to higher education institutions in the U.S. to develop their diplomatic and policymaking skills.Take Siyabulela Mandela, 26, a relative of Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s first black president and anti-apartheid icon. Nelson Mandela imagined a thriving Africa at peace, a vision that inspired the younger Mandela to pursue a doctorate in conflict resolution at the university that bears his relative’s name: Nelson Mandela University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

 

###